The Tornjak is a large, hearty, loyal livestock guardian dog from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is an ancient breed that dates back centuries and has been used for hundreds of years to protect sheep, goats, and cattle from predators in the Balkan region.

The Tornjak has a thick coat of fur that helps it adapt to cold weather conditions, and its powerful build gives it the strength needed to drive away wolves or other intruders.

The breed is also known for its calm temperament, making them ideal guardians for families and farms. This loyal canine will look after smaller animals, such as chickens or cats, if given the opportunity.

Despite their intimidating size, they are gentle giants that make wonderful companions with proper training.

The breed is still relatively rare outside of its native region and can be challenging to find in some countries.

However, it is increasingly becoming popular for those looking for a loyal guard dog or family companion due to its many desirable traits.

Let’s look at what makes the Tornjak unique and how you can add one of these pups to your home.

Tornjak Appearance

The Tornjak is a large and powerful breed, with males typically reaching up to 28 inches in height and around 77-110 pounds.

Females are slightly smaller, usually between 22-25 inches at the shoulder and 61-88 pounds. They have a double fur coat with a thick, wooly undercoat that helps insulate them against cold weather conditions.

The outer coat can range from solid white to black or any combination of grey, brown, and red. The most common colors are white with patches of tan or yellow over the eyes, chest, and legs.

Their head is broad with elongated muzzle. Their ears are set high on the sides of their head, and they have almond-shaped eyes that can be brown, blue, or yellow, depending on their coat color.

They have a muscular build with strong legs that allow them to cover long distances quickly and efficiently.

Tornjak Temperament

The Tornjak is a loyal and devoted breed that loves its family members deeply. They are known for being exceptionally playful with children, making them great additions to any family.

They take their job as guardians seriously, so it’s essential to ensure they are adequately trained to prevent any unwarranted aggression towards strangers or other animals.

With the proper training, the Tornjak will make an excellent companion dog who loves nothing more than spending time with its family, whether on a hike, at the park or just hanging out in front of the fire.

Tornjak Health

Tornjaks are strong and athletic dogs bred to be herding, guarding, and working animals. They require a lot of physical activity and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy.

The Tornjak is generally a healthy dog breed with few known health issues or genetic predispositions to certain illnesses.

That said, there are some conditions that potential owners should be aware of to ensure their pet receives the best care possible.

·         Hip Dysplasia

The most common health issue seen in Tornjaks is hip dysplasia, an inherited condition where the head of the thigh bone does not fit properly into its socket on the pelvis. This can cause pain and lameness in one or both hind legs.

·         Elbow Dysplasia

Another common issue seen in Tornjaks is elbow dysplasia, which is a condition that affects the joints of the front legs. Elbow dysplasia can cause pain and lameness in one or both forelimbs.

·         Demyelinating Neuropathy (CIDN)

Tornjaks may also suffer from canine inherited demyelinating neuropathy (CIDN), a neurological disorder that leads to paralysis of the hind legs and loss of sensation. This condition can be managed with medication and proper care, but it cannot be cured.

Eye Diseases

Although not as common in Tornjaks as some other breeds, they are still susceptible to eye diseases such as progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and glaucoma.

PRA is an inherited disease that causes the gradual deterioration of the eye’s retina and ultimately leads to blindness.

Glaucoma, on the other hand, is a condition that affects pressure inside the eye and can cause pain, redness, and vision loss if left untreated.

·         Skin Allergies

It is also essential to monitor Tornjaks for skin allergies or allergic dermatitis. Allergies can be caused by anything from environmental allergens to food ingredients, so it’s essential to identify any triggers to provide your pet with proper care.

·         Ear Infections

Lastly, Tornjaks are prone to ear infections due to their long ears. Regularly cleaning their ears and monitoring them for any signs of infection will help prevent health issues from developing.

Overall, Tornjaks are a generally healthy breed with few known health issues. However, potential owners must be aware of possible medical concerns to provide their pets with the best care and support.

With proper nutrition, exercise, mental stimulation, and regular vet check-ups, your Tornjak can live a long and happy life.

The Tornjak is an intelligent, loyal, devoted breed that is an excellent addition to any family or farm. These hardworking pups will provide years of companionship and protection with proper training and care. If you’re looking for a guard dog with an independent streak, the Tornjak might be the perfect pup.


It is essential to keep records of a Tornjak’s health and care. This will help you stay on top of any potential problems and provide your vet with valuable information should they need it.

It is also essential to ensure that you are up to date on all necessary vaccinations, flea/tick prevention, and heartworm medication for your pup.

Regular visits to the groomer or veterinarian may also be needed to keep them looking and feeling their best.

Finally, if you plan on showing your Tornjak at dog shows, it’s essential to research the breed standards for confirmation before entering the competition.

By following these guidelines and providing proper training and care, you’ll be able to keep your Tornjak looking and feeling their best for years to come.

So if you’re ready for a loyal, protective pup that loves nothing more than spending time with its family, the Tornjak might be the perfect addition to your home.


The Tornjak is a loyal and devoted breed that loves its family members deeply. These hardworking pups will provide years of companionship and protection with proper training and care.

Furthermore, their thick coat makes them well-suited for colder climates, and regular veterinary visits are essential to keep them healthy.